Agriculture is the backbone of Indian an economy and the pivotal sector for ensuring food  security. Timely availability of information on agriculture is vital for taking informed decisions on food security issues. India is one of the few countries in the world that uses space technology and land-based observations for generating regular updates on crop production statistics and providing inputs to achieve sustainable agriculture.

Satellite-based  optical  and radar imagery are used widely in  monitoring  agriculture. Radar imagery are especiallyused during monsoon season.Integrated use of geospatial tools with crop models and in-situ  observation  network enables timely crop production forecasts and drought assess-ment & monitoring.

Major Highlights

• Establishment of Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre in Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, for operational use ofspace technology to provide in-season crop forecasts and assessment of drought situation
 • Crop production forecasting for 8 major crops
 • National agricultural drought assessment  and monitoring
 • Country-wide agricultural land-use mapping
 • Horticultural crop inventory
 • Agro-meteorological parameter retrieval and inputs to agro-advisory services
 • Methane emission inventory & carbon accounting

Major Benefits

 • Agricultural policy decisions
 • Declaration of drought and shortfall in food grain and contingency planning
 • Support to crop damage-assessment
 • Advance crop planning and diversification
 • Timely tailoring  of agronomic practices
 • Demand-based irrigation scheduling

Completed Programmes / Projects

Operational Products / Services

  • Acreage and production estimates of 8 major crops (rice (Kharif & Rabi), wheat, mustard, jute, cotton,sugarcane, potato, sorghum) at District  level  Periodic  agricultural  drought  assessment  in  13 States
  • Annual  agricultural  land-use  mapping  for  crop intensification
  • Horticultural crop inventory
  • Cropping system analysis
  • Satellite-based bio-geophysical products (vegetation index, rainfall, solar radiation) for agricultural crop monitoring and agromet-advisory services
  •  Capacity  building  in  remote  sensing  &  GIS applications for sustainable agriculture