Soumi NPP caries five science instruments and test key technologies for the JPSS missions. Soumi NPP is the first satellite mission to address the challenge of acquiring a wide range of land, ocean, and atmospheric measurements for Earth system science while simultaneously preparing to address operational requirements for weather forecasting.
Soumi NPP enables collecting both climate and operational weather data and continuing key data records that are critical for global change science and helps in applications like Health of the Ozone layer , monitor fires , volcano eruptions , snowstorms , floods , understand the carbon cycle and monitor agricultural,Air pollution, etc . The instruments are
ATMS, a cross-track scanner with 22 channels, provides sounding observations needed to retrieve profiles of atmospheric temperature and moisture for civilian operational weather forecasting as well as continuity of these measurements for climate monitoring purposes.
VIIRS, a scanning radiometer, collects visible and infrared imagery and radiometric measurements of the land, atmosphere, cryosphere, and oceans. VIIRS data is used to measure cloud and aerosol properties, ocean color, sea and land surface temperature, ice motion and temperature, fires, and Earth's albedo. Climatologists use VIIRS data to improve our understanding of global climate change.
(CrIS), a Fourier transform spectrometer with 1305 spectral channels, will produce high-resolution, three-dimensional temperature, pressure, and moisture profiles. These profiles will be used to enhance weather forecasting models, and they will facilitate both short- and long-term weather forecasting.
OMPS, an advanced suite of two hyper spectral instruments, extends the 25-plus year total-ozone and ozone-profile records. These records are used by ozone-assessment researchers and policy makers to track the health of the ozone layer. The improved vertical resolution of OMPS data products allows for better testing and monitoring of the complex chemistry involved in ozone destruction near the troposphere.
CERES, a three-channel radiometer, measures both solar-reflected and Earth-emitted radiation from the top of the atmosphere to the surface. It also determines cloud properties including the amount, height, thickness, particle size, and phase of clouds using simultaneous measurements by other instruments
RBI measures reflected sunlight and thermal radiation emitted by the Earth. The Radiation Budget Instrument (RBI) is scheduled to fly on the JPSS-2, JPSS-3 and JPSS-4 satellite mission.
More mission details at NASA Web site